The term plastic surgery is derived from the ancient Greek word "Plastikos", which means to mould or give form. Plastic surgery aims to modify the shape of body structures to improve or restore the appearance of the deformed part. The interpersonal skills, technical expertise, and operative judgment of a plastic surgeon are crucial for a successful outcome.
Plastic surgery is most commonly used for breast augmentation and facelift. In addition, plastic surgery can also be used to repair the damage caused by cancer, birth defects or other injuries. In aesthetic or cosmetic surgery, plastic surgery procedures can be used to enhance or restore the natural appearance of the body.
All plastic surgeons are trained in both cosmetic and reconstructive procedures.
Plastic surgery includes reconstructive as well as aesthetic or cosmetic procedures. Reconstructive surgery is usually performed to modify structural abnormalities caused by trauma, disease, cancer or birth defects.
Cosmetic surgery is usually performed to modify the structure and appearance of facial and other body structures, for aesthetic reasons.
Specialist Plastic Surgeons possess a Fellowship of the Royal Australasian College of Surgeons (FRACS), a standard surgical training and qualification in Australia. A plastic surgeon has to undergo an intensive training in plastic and reconstructive surgery to perform invasive surgical procedures.